Unionists and the Civil War Experience
in the Shenandoah Valley

CIVIL WAR HISTORY RELATING TO LOYAL CITIZENS (UNIONISTS) LIVING IN THE SOUTH

Valley Research Associates are recovering and publishing the claims made against the Federal Government by loyal citizens (Unionists) of the Shenandoah Valley for losses incurred while Union troops were camped on and around their farms: These Unionists lived in the South and suffered at the hands of both the Union Armies as well as their antagonistic neighbors who hated them for not supporting the Confederate Cause.  The true extent and influence of the Unionists in the South has not been fully examined by historians.  There were many thousands of them.  Over twenty thousand submitted claims to the Federal Government.  
These records in the National Archives contain valuable historical and genealogical information most of which has never before been made public or seen the light of day.  It is estimated that the material for Rockingham County alone will require the publication of six large volumes.

The first was published in the fall of 2003, with Volumes Two through Four being published in the following 4 years. Volume 5 was published in 2009, and Volume 6 in 2013.

These books begin to mine the rich social history pertaining to the Civil War. Here you will meet some of the devout, frugal and industrious folk who nurtured the agricultural bounty of the Valley only to see the fruit of this labor confiscated in random acts of violence and injustice during the war.

Of particular interest are the families of Brethren and Mennonite descent, as well as families of the Methodist Episcopal and German Reformed Churches. Within these attractively bound hardcover volumes you will find stories of war-engendered suffering, loss of life and property, miscarriages of justice and struggles of conscience.

Emmert F. Bittinger, Editor; David Rodes and Norman Wenger, Compilers, Unionists and the Civil War Experience in the Shenandoah Valley,  (Dayton, Va.: Valley Research Associates, 2003-20013), Volumes 1-6


Unionists: VOLs i-vi


BUY

Volume i | Volume ii | Volume iii | Volume iv | Volume v | Volume vi


Rockingham County businessmen Norman R. Wenger and David S. Rodes have researched the archival records of the Southern Claims Commission and compiled the claims these families submitted to the U.S. Government for compensation after the war. The claimants' stories, written by Emmert F. Bittinger, reveal physical hardship, struggles of conscience and fear of losing one’s life.

Editor Emmert Bittinger, Professor Emeritus of Bridgewater College, has prepared the numerous documents for publication and written an insightful introduction to Volumes I-V. His comments and claim summaries set each in context and help the reader to understand the claim and how the Claims Commission responded to it.

This series is co-published by the Brethren & Mennonite Heritage Center,
(formerly Valley Brethren-Mennonite Heritage Center)
P.O. Box 1563, Harrisonburg, VA 22803

Volume i

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Volume i - (741 pages)

Contains Southern Commission Claims of 37 families of Brethren, Mennonite and other faiths in the Mt. Crawford and Cross Keys areas of southeast Rockingham County, Virginia

Listed below are the names of the 37 claimants in Volume I. In addition to each claim, the testimony of neighbors and family members opens windows of insight and understanding into each claim and the difficulties county residents experienced during this time.

Mt. Crawford Post Office
Frank. M. Chapman
Thomas Dovel
John Gangwer
Abraham Garber
David J. Garber
Joel Garber
Adam R. Gladden
Abraham D. Heatwole
John R. Keagy
Noah Landes
Methodist Episcopal Church
Lewis Pence
David E. Rhodes [Rodes]
Frederick S. Rhodes
Henry L. Rhodes
John Rhodes [Rodes]
Abraham Shank
Daniel Sluss
Samuel Whitmore

Cross Keys Post Office
Joseph Beery
Solomon Beery
Samuel Cline
Mathias Diehl
John Evers
Daniel Flory
Noah Flory
Jacob Harshbarger
Jacob Harshbarger and John Harshbarger
Elijah Huffman
Phillip Nichter
David Pence
Samuel Ruebush
William Rodehafer
Peter Showalter
Harrison C. Spangler
Samuel H. Wampler
Martin Whitmer

BUY
 


Rockingham County businessmen Norman R. Wenger and David S. Rodes have researched the archival records of the Southern Claims Commission and compiled the claims these families submitted to the U.S. Government for compensation after the war. The claimants' stories, written by Emmert F. Bittinger, reveal physical hardship, struggles of conscience and fear of losing one’s life.

Editor Emmert Bittinger, Professor Emeritus of Bridgewater College, has prepared the numerous documents for publication and written an insightful introduction to Volumes I-V. His comments and claim summaries set each in context and help the reader to understand the claim and how the Claims Commission responded to it.

This series is co-published by the Brethren & Mennonite Heritage Center,
(formerly Valley Brethren-Mennonite Heritage Center)
P.O. Box 1563, Harrisonburg, VA 22803

Volume ii

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Volume ii - (738 pages)

Highlights the stories of 32 familes of Brethren, Mennonite and other faiths who lived in the Greenmount, Linville and Edom areas of northwest Rockingham County, Virginia

Now you can explore the personal struggles of families in Rockingham County, Virginia, who held to their convictions regarding slavery and war and maintained their loyalty to the Union during the Civil War. In Volume II of Unionists and the Civil War Experience in the Shenandoah Valley, you will meet 32 such families who lived in the Greenmount, Edom and Linville communities of the county.

Listed below are the names of the 32 claimants in Volume II. In addition to each claim, the testimony of neighbors and family members opens windows of insight and understanding into each claim and the difficulties county residents experienced as the war raged up and down the Valley. John L. Heatwole, Valley historian and author of The Burning, sets the book in context. In the preface he writes, “Without addressing the impact of the war on the civilian population and the drama of dissent, the story of the Civil War is incomplete and one-dimensional.” Here are the areas and names of the families featured in Volume II.

Greenmount
Michael W. Bowman
Samuel Bowman
Mary Brenneman
Martin Cromer
George W.M. Evers
Adam Gowl
Emanuel Grove
John Hildebrand
William Hinkle
Benjamin Miller
Jacob Miller
Michael M. Miller
Christian Myers
Samuel Niswander
Samuel H. Plaugher
James Ritchie
Jackson Showalter
Emanuel Spitzer
Jacob Wenger

Edom
John H. Beery
David C. Breneman
Henry Geil
Jacob Geil
John Geil
Jacob Shank, Jr. 
John E. Shaver
George W. Showalter
Isaac Wenger
Jacob W. Zirkle

Linville
John D. Miller
Anthony Rhodes
Henry J. Showalter

 
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Rockingham County businessmen Norman R. Wenger and David S. Rodes have researched the archival records of the Southern Claims Commission and compiled the claims these families submitted to the U.S. Government for compensation after the war. The claimants' stories, written by Emmert F. Bittinger, reveal physical hardship, struggles of conscience and fear of losing one’s life.

Editor Emmert Bittinger, Professor Emeritus of Bridgewater College, has prepared the numerous documents for publication and written an insightful introduction to Volumes I-V. His comments and claim summaries set each in context and help the reader to understand the claim and how the Claims Commission responded to it.

This series is co-published by the Brethren & Mennonite Heritage Center,
(formerly Valley Brethren-Mennonite Heritage Center)
P.O. Box 1563, Harrisonburg, VA 22803

Volume iii

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Volume iii - (1000 pages)

Summarizes the Claims of 56 Brethren and Mennonite families who lived in the Bridgewater, Dayton and Mole Hill areas of Rockingham County, Virginia

Listed below are the names of the 56 claimants in Volume III. In addition to each claim, the testimony of neighbors and family members opens windows of insight and understanding into each claim and the difficulties county residents experienced during this time.

Bridgewater and Vicinity
Joseph Click
John Evers
David Garber
Joel Glick
Harvey Johnson
Mary Kagey
Jacob H. Lindsey
Samuel E. Long
William Mc Williams
Abraham Miller
Barbara Miller
Henry Miller
Jacob Miller
John A. Miller
Samuel Miller
Henry Niswander
William S. Perry
Samuel Sheets
Christian & Susanna Snell

Dayton Post Office
Benjamin Bowman
Daniel Bowman
Henry Early
John A. Early
John Flory
Christian C. Garber
John J. Garber
Gabriel D. Heatwole
John G. Heatwole
Abraham Sager
Benjamin A. “Annie” Sandy
Silas Sandy
Jacob Senger
Michael Shank
Mary Sunnafrank
Benjamin Wenger
Noah C. Wenger

Dayton Vicinity
Peter Blosser
Rebecca Burkholder
Samuel Coffmam
Jacob Driver
Daniel P. Good
David Hartman
Margaret H. Rhodes
Jacob Shank
Emanuel Suter
John B. Wenger

Harrisonburg Vicinity and Rural Post Offices
James Anderson
Benjamin S. Bierley
John Brunk
Henry Burkholder
Daniel J. Good
Archibel Holland
James J. Miller
Joseph M. Miller
Tazewell Moubray
Christian Showalter
John Wine

Buy
 


Rockingham County businessmen Norman R. Wenger and David S. Rodes have researched the archival records of the Southern Claims Commission and compiled the claims these families submitted to the U.S. Government for compensation after the war. The claimants' stories, written by Emmert F. Bittinger, reveal physical hardship, struggles of conscience and fear of losing one’s life.

Editor Emmert Bittinger, Professor Emeritus of Bridgewater College, has prepared the numerous documents for publication and written an insightful introduction to Volumes I-V. His comments and claim summaries set each in context and help the reader to understand the claim and how the Claims Commission responded to it.

This series is co-published by the Brethren & Mennonite Heritage Center,
(formerly Valley Brethren-Mennonite Heritage Center)
P.O. Box 1563, Harrisonburg, VA 22803

Volume iv

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Volume IV - (1000 pages)

Includes the Claims of 60 Brethren and Mennonite families who lived in the Broadway, Cootes Store and Timberville areas of Rockingham County, Virginia

There are a total of 60 families described in this volume. Although most were strongly loyal to the Union and their losses major, only around a third received any payments. Under threats of death and loss of their property, they had been coerced at the polls to vote for secession.

Broadway
John H. Baker
George Branner, Est
John A. Cline
Mary Guyer
Mary S. Homan
Michael Homan, Est.
Joseph F. Kline
Michael B. E. Kline
William J. Miller
John Minick, Est. & Noah Minnick
Peter Ritchie
Abraham Shank
John Shaver
Jacob Silvuse
Isaac Smith
Noah Spitzer
Joseph Wampler
Joshua Wampler
John Zigler

Bowmans Mill
George Kline
John B. Kline
Samuel Shank

Cherry Grove
Abraham Beery, Est.
Abraham Brenneman
Jacob Good
George W. Grady
John Hawse
Phillip Hollar
Jacob A. Mitchell
Jacob Moyers
John Shultz
David Spitzer
Jacob Spitzer
John Stinespring
John B. Zirkle

Cootes Store
George Brunk
Dr. Wesley Newham
Jacob Turner

Timberville
W. K. Abbot
James M. Branner
William Cambell
David and Louis Driver
John W. Driver
Jonas Early
Martin Garber
Emanuel Hoover
David Kline
William McInturff
Samuel H. Myers
David B. Rhodes
William G. Thompson

Buy
 


Rockingham County businessmen Norman R. Wenger and David S. Rodes have researched the archival records of the Southern Claims Commission and compiled the claims these families submitted to the U.S. Government for compensation after the war. The claimants' stories, written by Emmert F. Bittinger, reveal physical hardship, struggles of conscience and fear of losing one’s life.

Editor Emmert Bittinger, Professor Emeritus of Bridgewater College, has prepared the numerous documents for publication and written an insightful introduction to Volumes I-V. His comments and claim summaries set each in context and help the reader to understand the claim and how the Claims Commission responded to it.

This series is co-published by the Brethren & Mennonite Heritage Center,
(formerly Valley Brethren-Mennonite Heritage Center)
P.O. Box 1563, Harrisonburg, VA 22803

Volume v

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Volume V - (1193 pages)

Highlights the stories of 56 families of Brethren, Mennonite and other faiths in Mill Creek, Port Republic, Elkton and east side of Rockingham County, Virginia

Explore the personal struggles of families in Rockingham County, Virginia, who held to their convictions regarding slavery and war and maintained their loyalty to the Union during the Civil War. In Volume V of Unionists and the Civil War Experience in the Shenandoah Valley, you will meet 56 such families who lived in the Goods Mill, LeRoy, McGaheysville, Port Republic, Roadside and Harrisonburg Areas, Rockingham County, Virginia. Here are the areas and names of the families featured in in the 1193 pages of Volume V.

Goods Mill
Samuel Carpenter
Samuel Good
William D. Maiden
Daniel Miller

Leroy
Stephen H. Murray

McGaheysville 
Joseph H. Harshbarger
Nicholas Kyer

Port Republic
Philip Baker
Andrew J. Baugher
Winfield Scott Baugher
John Crawford Estate
Lawrence Crawford
William S. Downs
Elias Hudlow
Alexander Kyger
General Samuel H. Lewis, Estate
Samuel H. Lewis, Jr. 
Amos Scott
James E. Shifflett
Philip H. Showalter
James Smith
Peter W. Whiter

Roadside
Asa S. Baugher
Juila A. Baugher
Nicholas Breeden
James B. Eastham
St. Clair D. & Francis W. Kirtley
Meredith Knighting
Rebecca Lawson
James G. Maiden

Harrisonburg
John Armentrout
Issac Bowman
John Bowman, Sr. 
John W. Bowman
Joseph Bowman
Jacob Brunk
Abraham Early
Joseph Early
Gustavus A. Gay
Alge[r]non S. Gray
Robert A. Gray
George G. Hall
Issac Hardesty
William C. Harrison
Samuel Hartman
David S. Jones Estate
William Lineweaver
Moritz and Jonas Lowenbach
James J. Miller
John M. Miller
Joseph B. Moyers
Branson M. Parrett
Henry Pulse
Mary Strother
Edward J. Sullivan
Mrs. Emilie S. Waterman

Buy
 


Rockingham County businessmen Norman R. Wenger and David S. Rodes have researched the archival records of the Southern Claims Commission and compiled the claims these families submitted to the U.S. Government for compensation after the war. The claimants' stories, written by Emmert F. Bittinger, reveal physical hardship, struggles of conscience and fear of losing one’s life.

Editor Emmert Bittinger, Professor Emeritus of Bridgewater College, has prepared the numerous documents for publication and written an insightful introduction to Volumes I-V. His comments and claim summaries set each in context and help the reader to understand the claim and how the Claims Commission responded to it.

This series is co-published by the Brethren & Mennonite Heritage Center,
(formerly Valley Brethren-Mennonite Heritage Center)
P.O. Box 1563, Harrisonburg, VA 22803

Volume vi

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Volume VI - (1000 plus pages)

Summarizes the Claims of Brethren and Mennonite families who lived in Dayton, Harrisonburg, Hopkins Mill, Lacy Springs, Melrose, Tenth Legion, Timberville areas of Rockingham County, Virginia

John Heatwole writes in the Preface, "Without addressing the impact of the war on the civilian population the story of the Civil War is incomplete and one-dimensional. If we exclude this story, we run the risk of glorifying the war as a stage set with banners flying, bands playing, and troops moving grandly over a sterile landscape." Listed below are the names of the claimants in Volume VI.

Dayton
David Miller

Harrisonburg
Isaac G. Billhimer
Polly Blackwell
Thomas Branham
Henry Derrow, Estate
Nancy Faught
Theresa M. Heller
Jacob Hoover
Absalom W. Jones
John Kelly
Mary Lamb
Lewis Leopold
John J. Miller
Fannie Ralston
John Scanlon
Anna Shank
Adam Showalter
Maria Showalter
Elijah W. Sibert

Hopkins Mill
George Chrisman Estate

Lacey Springs
Abraham Huddle
Abram C. Long
Jacob Long
Jacob K. Mauzy
Abram C. Simmers
William C. Simmers
Simon P. Summers
Adam Thomas
Amanda Thompson
Samuel Zigler

Melrose
James Baker
Daniel Barr
John Huffman
Morrison Jones
Silem Sellers
John W. West

Mt. Clinton
W. R. Messick, Admin. of Gasner Messick

Tenth Legion
Emanuel Driver
John Harrison
Morgan Layton
Samuel Martz
Mathia Pickering
John B. Smith
Lewis Strickler
James W. West
Peter Wise
Curtis Yates
Peter Zette

Timberville
George H. Fetzer 

Buy
 


Rockingham County businessmen Norman R. Wenger and David S. Rodes have researched the archival records of the Southern Claims Commission and compiled the claims these families submitted to the U.S. Government for compensation after the war. The claimants' stories, written by Emmert F. Bittinger, reveal physical hardship, struggles of conscience and fear of losing one’s life.

Editor Emmert Bittinger, Professor Emeritus of Bridgewater College, has prepared the numerous documents for publication and written an insightful introduction to Volumes I-V. His comments and claim summaries set each in context and help the reader to understand the claim and how the Claims Commission responded to it.

This series is co-published by the Brethren & Mennonite Heritage Center,
(formerly Valley Brethren-Mennonite Heritage Center)
P.O. Box 1563, Harrisonburg, VA 22803

Volumes in the Unionists series may be purchased from Reflections of Yesteryear in the Dayton (Va.) Farmer’s Market and Rockingham Cooperative on Grace Street in Harrisonburg for $49.95, plus tax, and may also be purchased at the Brethren & Mennonite Heritage Center.

Mail Orders

The total cost for mail orders is $49.95 each, plus shipping,
payable to:

Valley Research Associates
P.O. Box 526, Dayton, VA 22821

Please download and complete the attached order form and submit it, along with payment, to the above address.


Wholesale Orders

For wholesale orders, e-mail VRAssociates526@aol.com or use this contact form.

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Claimants

As listed in Volumes I - VI

Note: If the chart below does not load in your browser, click here to see the listing in pdf format.

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